Distance learning for Schoolchildren
Today, all conditions for high-quality, versatile education have been created for children in schools. If a graduate of the end of the last century is invited to the lesson of the current 7th grader, the first one will be very surprised – so many modern chips are used now in education.
And distance learning is not a new phenomenon. For some, this is a compulsory measure (for health reasons), someone himself/herself made such a decision for the child. Internet platforms, training sites, videos on YouTube channels, etc. have been created and implemented a long time ago. Modern schoolchildren have been using them periodically for several years. It’s just that the increased demand has arisen right now.
Benefits Of Online Learning
Several advantages characterize distance learning:
- distance education makes it possible to study consistently at all stages – from junior to graduate classes;
- great opportunities in the choice of disciplines; a wide range of methods.
Distance learning for schoolchildren has several characteristics that distinguish it from other methods of obtaining secondary education and emphasize its innovativeness and relevance:
- the main part of the educational process does not require direct interaction between teacher and student;
- mainly electronic means of information exchange are used;
- interaction is regular and not episodic;
- the most significant responsibility for the productivity of work rests with the students themselves.
Initially, distance secondary education was perceived as a forced measure, but now it is gaining popularity among students of different ages, including preschoolers.
Who is it for?
Remote study at school is most often chosen for:
- children with disabilities;
- those wishing to receive education in certain educational institutions, but who are unable to use highly qualified pedagogical assistance due to their territorial remoteness;
- receiving additional education ;
- gifted children who need an individual pace of learning activity and are ready to assimilate significant amounts of new information;
- children from families belonging to different religious communities who do not perceive school as an instrument of socialization and in every possible way limit the child’s stay in such institutions
Forms of Education
Currently, school education involves a wide range of forms and types of distance learning:
- individual e-courses
- collective webinars, video conferencing, chat classes, and other forms of organizing communication within, the framework of the online educational process;
- asynchronous forms, when participants on common educational platforms at different times leave their questions, work, and expect feedback.
The group form of education is becoming more and more in demand, but its main problem remains to ensure high-quality and uninterrupted communication between all participants. It is difficult to come to this because of the individual characteristics of students, various technical characteristics of computers, territorial remoteness.
The organization of distance learning is based on the traditional model, in which students:
- communicate with the teacher;
- follow his instructions and recommendations;
- ask questions;
- answer the teacher’s questions.
Difficulties Of Distance Study At School
Distance schooling is fraught with several difficulties:
- the information provided to the students require them to comprehend independently;
- more labor input for the teacher than with the traditional form of education;
- limited opportunities for pedagogical improvisation, since the algorithm for presenting information is thought out in advance;
- strict time regime: children must receive assignments and quickly send them completed to keep within the framework of the lesson;
- the low motivation of students as a result. While studying via Skype, children are often distracted, lose the thread of the lesson and slow down the pace of the lesson, which has a negative effect on their academic performance and knowledge, since they have much less teaching hours than in traditional teaching.
These are serious problems, the solution of which can significantly increase the effectiveness of distance learning. In addition, studies have revealed that the unequal initial level of students, different forms of organization, and individual training routes lead to the fact that the results of “remote workers” are often lower than those of children who traditionally study.
Conditions for the effective implementation of distance education
To achieve good results in distance learning for schoolchildren:
- A unified electronic educational environment should be organized, which will provide:
- interaction of all users;
- storage, regular updating, and systematization of educational and methodological resources;
- support of participants in educational activities using distance technologies;
- monitoring of the distance learning process, and its effectiveness
- The educational process should be implemented based on plans adapted to the specifics of the organization of training.
- All educational and methodological materials must undergo mandatory reviewing (professional expertise)
- Training should combine classroom, distance learning, and independent work of students with traditional teaching materials.
- It is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of each student.
- The educational process should take place in different modes:
- online, when educational events and communication with the teacher are carried out in real-time using ICT;
- in an asynchronous format, which provides the child with the opportunity to master the educational material at any time convenient for him/her
- The educational process using distance learning technologies should be provided by highly qualified teaching staff, each of whose members is interested in constantly improving their professionalism.
These conditions are fundamental and necessary for the successful implementation of distance learning. Performing each of them individually does not guarantee a good result, but together they form a solid basis for building a productive educational process in primary and secondary schools.